As computers become more ubiquitous, and as they increasingly permeate into our lives, businesses and individuals are realizing the value of ethical hacking. Ethical hacking is the process of testing the security of systems and networks by exploiting vulnerabilities that could be used to gain access to or damage them.

Ethical Hacking Basics

Ethical hacking is the process of testing a system or network to determine if it is vulnerable to attack. This can be done for security purposes, or simply to help improve the performance of a system. There are many different ethical hacking techniques, but some of the most common are penetration testing and application security testing.

Penetration testing is the process of scanning a target system for vulnerabilities. This can be done by using a variety of tools, such as scanners, vulnerability assessment tools, and exploit databases. By finding and exploiting vulnerabilities, you can gain access to systems and data that should not be accessible to an attacker.

Application security testing is the process of testing applications for vulnerabilities. This can involve manually reviewing code for common flaws, as well as using automated tools to find and exploit vulnerabilities in applications. By doing this, you can help protect systems from attacks that may exploit these vulnerabilities.

There are many different ways to ethically hack systems, and each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. It is important to choose the technique that best suits your needs and goals. Some factors that you should consider include the target system’s security level, the skills required

Types of Attacks

One of the main goals of ethical hacking is to identify and fix vulnerabilities in systems before they are exploited. There are many different types of attacks that can be used to get access to a system, and ethical hackers need to be familiar with them all in order to protect their clients’ networks.

One of the most common types of attacks is called brute force attack. This is when someone tries every possible password combination on a system to gain access. Brute force attacks can be prevented by using strong passwords and not giving away personal information on the system.

Another type of attack is called a phishing attack. This is when someone sends out emails that look like they are from a trusted source, but in fact contain malicious content that could lead to account takeover or data theft. Phishing attacks can be prevented by being careful about what information you share online, and by never clicking on links in email messages that you don’t know or trust.

Finally, there is the virus attack. Viruses are pieces of software that can infect computers and damage files. Viruses can be prevented by installing updates and antivirus software, and by being careful about what files you open on your computer.

Ethical Hacking Tools and Techniques

There are many ethical hacking tools and techniques that can be used for penetration testing purposes. These tools and techniques can help you to identify vulnerabilities in a network, computer system, or even website. Some of the most common ethical hacking tools and techniques include:

  • Nessus – Nessus is a popular vulnerability assessment tool that can be used to scan networks for vulnerable systems. Nessus can also be used to scan for specific vulnerabilities.
  • Metasploit – Metasploit is a popular tool for conducting Penetration Testing and exploitations. Metasploit can be used to find and exploit vulnerabilities in systems.
  • Wireshark – Wireshark is a popular tool for monitoring network traffic. Wireshark can be used to capture viruses, malware, and other malicious activity.


As the world becomes increasingly digitalized, it is important for individuals to be cognizant of the risks that come with engaging in unethical hacking. Although gaining unauthorized access to someone else’s computer can have a number of benefits, such as stealing confidential information or disrupting business operations, there are also risks associated with this type of activity. By understanding the goals of ethical hacking and taking steps to protect yourself and your data, you can minimize the chances that your online activities will lead to negative consequences.